Zloženie materského mlieka

alebo

čo svojmu bábätku dojčením dávate

Tento zoznam porovnávajúci materské mlieko s umelým mliekom je síce v angličtine, ale už len zbežný pohľad stačí na to, aby sa dal pochopiť aj bez prekladu.

Materské mlieko Umelé mlieko
Voda
Uhľovodíky (zdroj energie)
Laktóza
Oligosacharidy
Kyselina karboxylová
Alpha hydroxy acid
Kyselina mliečna
Bielkoviny (potrebné pre svaly a kosti)
Srvátkové bielkoviny
Alfa laktalbumín
HAMLET (Ľudský alfa laktalbumín usmrcujúci rakovinové bunky)
Laktoferín
Mnohé antimikrobiálne faktory
Kazeín
Albumín v sére
Nebielkovinový dusík
Kreatín
Kreatinín
Urea
Kyselina močová
Peptidy
Aminokyseliny (stavebné prvky bielkovín)
Alanín
Arginín
Aspartát
Klycín
Cystín
Glutamát
Histidín
Izoleucín
Leucín
Lycín
Metionín
Fenylalanín
Prolín
Serín
Taurín
Teronín
Tryptofan
Tyrozín
Valín
Karnitín (bielkovinová zlúčenina potrebná na využitie mastných kyselín ako zdroja energie)
Nukleotidy (chemické zlúčeniny, ktoré sú štrukturálnymi jednotkami RNA a DNA) 5'-Adenozín monofosfát (5"-AMP)

3':5'-Cyclic adenosine monophosphate (3':5'-cyclic AMP)
5'-Cytidine monophosphate (5'-CMP)
Cytidine diphosphate choline (CDP choline)
Guanosine diphosphate (UDP)
Guanosine diphosphate - mannose
3'- Uridine monophosphate (3'-UMP)
5'-Uridine monophosphate (5'-UMP)
Uridine diphosphate (UDP)
Uridine diphosphate hexose (UDPH)
Uridine diphosphate-N-acetyl-hexosamine (UDPAH)
Uridine diphosphoglucuronic acid (UDPGA)
Several more novel nucleotides of the UDP type
Tuky
Triglyceridy
Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids
Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)
(dôležitá pre rozvoj mozgu)
Arachidonic acid (AHA) (dôležitá pre rozvoj mozgu)
Linoleic acid
Alpha-linolenic acid (ALA)
Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA)
Conjugated linoleic acid (Rumenic acid)
Free Fatty Acids
Monounsaturated fatty acids
Oleic acid
Palmitoleic acid
Heptadecenoic acid
Saturated fatty acids
Stearic
Palmitic acid
Lauric acid
Myristic acid
Phospholipids
Phosphatidylcholine
Phosphatidylethanolamine
Phosphatidylinositol
Lysophosphatidylcholine
Lysophosphatidylethanolamine
Plasmalogens
Sphingolipids
Sphingomyelin
Gangliosides
GM1
GM2
GM3
Glucosylceramide
Glycosphingolipids
Galactosylceramide
Lactosylceramide
Globotriaosylceramide (GB3)
Globoside (GB4)
Steroly
Squalene
Lanosterol
Dimethylsterol
Methosterol
Lathosterol
Desmosterol
Triacylglycerol
Cholesterol
7-dehydrocholesterol
Stigma-and campesterol
7-ketocholesterol
Sitosterol
β-lathosterol
Metabolity vitamínu D
Steroidné hormóny
Vitamíny
Vitamín A
Beta carotene
Vitamín B6
Vitamín B8 (Inositol)
Vitamín B12
Vitamín C
Vitamín D
Vitamín E
a-Tocopherol
Vitamín K
Tiamín
Riboflavín
Niacín
Kyselina listová
Pantothenic acid
Biotín
Minerály
Vápnik
Sodík
Potassium
Železo
Zinok
Chlorid
Fosfor
Horčík
Meď
Mangán
Jód
Selén
Choline
Síra
Chróm
Cobalt
Fluorine
Nickel
Metal
Molybdén (nevyhnutný prvok pre mnohé enzýmy)
Rastové faktory (pomáhajú pri dospievaní výstelky čreva)
Cytokíny
Interleukín-1β (IL-1β)
IL-2
IL-4
IL-6
IL-8
IL-10
Granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF)
Macrophage-colony stimulating factor (M-CSF)
Platelet derived growth factors (PDGF)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)
Hepatocyte growth factor -α (HGF-α)
HGF-β
Tumor necrosis factor-α
Interferon-γ
Epithelial growth factor (EGF)
Transforming growth factor-α (TGF-α)
TGF β1
TGF-β2
Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I)
(also known as somatomedin C)
Insulin-like growth factor- II
Nerve growth factor (NGF)
Erythropoietin
Peptides (combinations of amino acids)
HMGF I (Human growth factor)
HMGF II
HMGF III
Cholecystokinin (CCK)
β-endorphins
Parathyroid hormone (PTH)
Parathyroid hormone-related peptide (PTHrP)
β-defensin-1
Calcitonín
Gastrín
Motilín
Bombezín (gastric releasing peptide, also known as neuromedin B)
Neurotenzín
Somatostatín
Hormóny (chemical messengers that carry signals from one cell,
or group of cells, to another via the blood)
Cortisol
Triiodothyronine (T3)
Thyroxine (T4)
Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) (also known as thyrotropin)
Thyroid releasing hormone (TRH)
Prolactin
Oxytocin
Insulin
Corticosterone
Thrombopoietin
Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)
GRH
Leptin (aids in regulation of food intake)
Ghrelin (aids in regulation of food intake)
Adiponectin
Feedback inhibitor of lactation (FIL)
Eicosanoids
Prostaglandins (enzymatically derived from fatty acids)
PG-E1
PG-E2
PG-F2
Leukotrienes
Thromboxanes
Prostacyclins
Enzymes (catalysts that support chemical reactions in the body)
Amylase
Arysulfatase
Catalase
Histaminase
Lipase
Lysozyme
PAF-acetylhydrolase
Phosphatase
Xanthine oxidase
Antiproteases (thought to bind themselves to macromolecules such as
enzymes and as a result prevent allergic and anaphylactic reactions)
a-1-antitrypsin
a-1-antichymotrypsin
Antimicrobial factors (are used by the immune system to identify
and neutralize foreign objects, such as bacteria and viruses.
Leukocytes (white blood cells)
Phagocytes
Basophils
Neutrophils
Eoisinophils
Macrophages
Lymphocytes
B lymphocytes (also known as B cells)
T lymphocytes (also known as C cells)
sIgA (Secretory immunoglobulin A)
(the most important antiinfective factor)
IgA2
IgG
IgD
IgM
IgE
Complement C1
Complement C2
Complement C3
Complement C4
Complement C5
Complement C6
Complement C7
Complement C8
Complement C9
Glycoproteins
Mucins (attaches to bacteria and viruses to prevent them from
clinging to mucousal tissues)
Lactadherin
Alpha-lactoglobulin
Alpha-2 macroglobulin
Lewis antigens
Ribonuclease
Haemagglutinin inhibitors
Bifidus Factor (increases growth of Lactobacillus bifidus
- which is a good bacteria)
Lactoferrin (binds to iron which prevents harmful bacteria from
using the iron to grow)
Lactoperoxidase
B12 binding protein (deprives microorganisms of vitamin B12)
Fibronektín (makes phagocytes more aggressive, minimizes inflammation,
and repairs damage caused by inflammation)
Oligosacharidy (viac ako 200 rozličných druhov)

 

Voda
Uhľovodíky
Laktóza
Kukuričný maltodextrín
Bielkoviny
Čiastočne hydrolyzované znížené množstvo minerálov zo srvátkovej bielkoviny z kravského mlieka
Tuky
Palmový oleín
Sójový olej
Kokosový olej
Slnečnicový olej
Olej z M. alpina (Kvasinkové DHA)
Olej z C.cohnii (ARA z riasy)
Minerály
Potassium citrate
Potassium phosphate
Chlorid vápennatý
Fosforečnan vápennatý
Sodium citrate
Chlorid horečnatý
Siričitan železnatý
Siričitan zinočnatý
Chlorid sodný
Siričitan medný
Potassium iodide
Siričitan horečnatý
Selenit sodný
Vitamíny
Askorbát sodný
Inozitol
Choline bitartrate
Alpha-Tocopheryl acetate
Niacínamid
Calcium pantothenate
Riboflavín
Vitamín A acetát
Pyridoxine hydrochloride
Thiamine mononitrate
Kyselina listová
Phylloquinone
Biotín
Vitamín D3
Vitamín B12
Enzým
Trypsín
Aminokyselina
Taurín
L-Carnitín (kombinácia dvoch rozličných aminokyselín)
Nukleotidy
Cytidine 5-monophosphate
Disodium uridine 5-monophosphate
Adenosine 5-monophosphate
Disodium guanosine 5-monophosphate
Soy Lecithin

Developed as a student project for the Breastfeeding Course for Health Care Providers, Douglas College, New Westminster, BC, Canada -  © 2007 by Cecily Heslett, Sherri Hedberg and Haley Rumble

Mamila.sk > Pre matky > DOJČENIE A ... > Zloženie materského mlieka